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The Microwave Group

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Current Research in the Microwave Group:


The Microwave Lab in Vander Werf Hall.

Required Courses for the Microwave Group

For group members and prospective members


Publications of the Hope College Microwave Group
Papers from the Hope College Microwave Group have been published in the following journals:

  • AIP Advances (AIP)
  • Journal of Physics: Conference Series (IOP)
  • Applied Physics Letters (AIP)
  • IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity (IEEE)
  • Journal of Applied Physics (AIP)
  • Microwave and Optical Technology Letters (Wiley)
  • Progress in Electromagnetics Research (PIER)
  • Review of Scientific Instruments (AIP)


Student Research Opportunities


Collaborators Welcome

Microwave Group 2012:


Those who sign on to work in the microwave lab are extremely productive, as should be clear from the list below. Notice how nearly all of them are now published authors. Also notice that many of them have presented at professional conferences.

Microwave Group Members, 2007 to present

 

Student*

Year(s)

Research Title

Publications and External Presentations

23 Zach Diener 2013- Semiconductor AIGS thin films analyzed with Rutherford backscattering  
22 Dustin Kirkendall 2013 Nonlinearity generating hot spots in patterned superconducting films  
21 Joey Campbell 2012-2013 Spectroscopic analysis of microwave breakdown of molecular nitrogen in microgaps (1) J.D. Campbell, A. Bowman, III, G.T. Lenters, and S.K. Remillard, "Collision and diffusion in microwave breakdown of nitrogen gas in and around microgaps," AIP Advances, Vol. 4, no. 1, 017119, (2014).
20 Arthur Bowman III 2012 Modeling plasma formation in a microgap at microwave frequency

(1) J.D. Campbell, A. Bowman, III, G.T. Lenters, and S.K. Remillard, "Collision and diffusion in microwave breakdown of nitrogen gas in and around microgaps," AIP Advances, Vol. 4, no. 1, 017119, (2014).
(2) A. Bowman (presenting author) and S.K. Remillard, "Modeling Plasma Formation in a Micro-gap at Microwave Frequency", American Physical Society March Meeting, Baltimore, MD, March 18-22, 2013.
(3) A.Bowman, "Modeling Plasma Formation in a Micro-gap at Microwave Frequency", 6th Annual Wayne State University Undergraduate Research Conference, Nov. 16, 2012.

19 Caitlin Ploch (Goldwater runner-up) 2012-2013 Electromagnetic dispersion in periodic structures

(1) S.K. Remillard, Caitlin Ploch, Kyle McLellan, and V. Andrew Bunnell, "Comparison of network analysis methods for computing complex propagation coefficients of dispersive transmission lines," Accepted for publication in Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 2014.
(2) Caitlin Ploch, "Electromagnetic Dispersion in Periodic Structures", 6th Annual Midwest Conference for Undergraduate Women in Physics, Urbana-Champaign, January 2013.
(3) Caitlin Ploch, "Electromagnetic Dispersion in Periodic Structures", West Michigan Regional Undergraduate Science Research Conference, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI Nov. 17, 2012.

18 Brooke Jeries 2012-2013 Mapping the nonlinearity of superconductive passive circuits

(1) Brooke Jeries, "Probing the Locally Generated Even and Odd Order Nonlinearity in Y-Ba-Cu-O and Tl-Ba-Ca-Cu-O (2212) Microwave Resonators around TC," 6th Annual Midwest Conference for Undergraduate Women in Physics, Urbana-Champaign, January 2013.
(2) Brooke M. Jeries, Sean R. Cratty, and S.K. Remillard, "Probing the Locally Generated Even and Odd Order Nonlinearity in Y-Ba-Cu-O and Tl-Ba-Ca-Cu-O (2212) Microwave Resonators around TC," IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Published on-line, Dec. 2012. Published in print, Vol. 23, no. 3, 9000105, (2013).
(3) Brooke Jeries, "Mapping the Nonlinearity of Superconductive Passive Circuits", West Michigan Regional Undergraduate Science Research Conference, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI Nov. 17, 2012.

17 Michael Bischak 2011-present

Effect of carrier doping on nonlinear distortion of signals by superconducting thin films

(1) M.M Bischak, J. Thomas, R.R. Philip, and S.K. Remillard, "Hole Concentration Effect on the Microwave Nonlinearity of Tl2Ba2CaCo2O8+/-d Superconducting Thin Films," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2014.
(2) M.M. Bischak (presenting author) and S.K. Remillard, "Effect of Carrier Doping on Nonlinearity of High Temperature Superconducting Thin Films", American Physical Society March Meeting, Baltimore, MD, March 18-22, 2013.
(3) S.K. Remillard, J. Thomas, M.M. Bischak, C.J. Goodson; "Effect of Carrier Doping on Nonlinear Distortion of Microwave Signals by Superconducting Thin Films", Applied Superconductivity Conference, Portland, OR, Oct 8-12, 2012. (Presented by advisor)
16 Jinu Thomas 2011 Effect of carrier density on nonlinear emissions from superconducting resonators

(1) M.M Bischak, J. Thomas, R.R. Philip, and S.K. Remillard, "Hole Concentration Effect on the Microwave Nonlinearity of Tl2Ba2CaCo2O8+/-d Superconducting Thin Films," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2014.
(2) S.K. Remillard, J. Thomas, M.M. Bischak, C.J. Goodson; "Effect of Carrier Doping on Nonlinear Distortion of Microwave Signals by Superconducting Thin Films", Applied Superconductivity Conference, Portland, OR, Oct 8-12, 2012. (Presented by advisor)

15 Timothy J. Klein 2010 Microwave frequency effect on plasma in a gap (1) T.J. Klein, Cameron J. Recknagel, Christopher J. Ploch, and S.K. Remillard, "Microwave Breakdown of N2 Gas in a Microgap",Applied Physics Letters, Vol.99, no.12, 121503, (2011). <http://apl.aip.org/resource/1/applab/v99/i12/p121503_s1>
14 Sean Cratty 2010 Effect of edge structure on local nonlinearity in superconducting chips (1) Brooke M. Jeries, Sean R. Cratty, and S.K. Remillard, "Probing the Locally Generated Even and Odd Order Nonlinearity in Y-Ba-Cu-O and Tl-Ba-Ca-Cu-O (2212) Microwave Resonators around TC," IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Published on-line, Dec. 2012. Published in print, Vol. 23, no. 3, 9000105, (2013).
(2) S.K. Remillard and S.R. Cratty, "Probing the Physical Origin of Locally Generated Nonlinearity in Microwave Superconducting Resonator Devices " Applied Superconductivity Conference, Portland, OR, Oct 8-12, 2012. (Presented by advisor)
13 Annelle Eben 2010 Characterization of high temperature superconducting chips

(1) Annelle Eben (presenting author) and S.K. Remillard, Localized and Synchronous Measurement of 2nd and 3rd Order Nonlinearity in Superconductive Transmission Line Resonators, American Physical Society, March Meeting, Dallas, TX, March, 2011.
(2) Annelle M. Eben, V. Andrew Bunnell, Candace J. Goodson, Evan K. Pease, Sheng-Chiang Lee, and S.K. Remillard, "Even and Odd Order Nonlinearity from a Superconductive Microstrip Line," IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 595-598, (2011).
(3) Annelle M. Eben and S.K. Remillard, Calvin College Physics Department seminar, "Time Reversal Symmetry Breaking in Superconducting Devices", November 16, 2010.
(4) S.K. Remillard, A. Eben, V.A.Bunnell and C. Goodson, "Simultaneous and Synchronous Measurement of Even and Odd Order Nonlinear Distortion Terms", Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, Cambridge, MA, July 8, 2010. (presented by advisor)

12

Von Andrew Bunnell
(Douwe B. Yntema Prize)

2009-2011 (1) Die attach process for high temperature superconducting chips
(2) Dispersion in Microwave Photonic Crystals
(3) Design and fabrication of a metamaterial prism

(1) S.K. Remillard, Caitlin Ploch, Kyle McLellan, and V. Andrew Bunnell, "Comparison of network analysis methods for computing complex propagation coefficients of dispersive transmission lines," Accepted for publication in Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 2014.
(2) Annelle M. Eben, V. Andrew Bunnell, Candace J. Goodson, Evan K. Pease, Sheng-Chiang Lee, and S.K. Remillard, "Even and Odd Order Nonlinearity from a Superconductive Microstrip Line," IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 595-598, (2011).
(3) S.K. Remillard, A. Eben, V.A.Bunnell and C. Goodson, "Simultaneous and Synchronous Measurement of Even and Odd Order Nonlinear Distortion Terms", Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, Cambridge, MA, July 8, 2010. (presented by advisor)
(4) Die attach of Superconducting Chips Using Conductive Epoxy Instructional Video
(5) Die Attach Soldering Instructional Video, part 1
Die Attach Soldering Instructional Video, part 2

11

Candace Goodson
(Michigan Space Grant Consortium Research Fellow)

2009-2011 Doping dependent microwave nonlinearity of Tl2Ba2CaCu2O8

(1) Candace Goodson (presenting author) and S.K. Remillard, "Doping Dependent Microwave Nonlinearity of Tl2Ba2CaCu2O8-x Superconductor" Mich. Space Grant Consortium Conference, Nov. 13, 2010, Ann Arbor, MI.
(2) Annelle M. Eben, V. Andrew Bunnell, Candace J. Goodson, Evan K. Pease, Sheng-Chiang Lee, and S.K. Remillard, "Even and Odd Order Nonlinearity from a Superconductive Microstrip Line," IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 595-598, (2011).
(3) S.K. Remillard, A. Eben, V.A.Bunnell and C. Goodson, "Simultaneous and Synchronous Measurement of Even and Odd Order Nonlinear Distortion Terms", Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, Cambridge, MA, July 8, 2010. (presented by advisor)
(4)Candace Goodson, "Doping dependent microwave nonlinearity of Tl2Ba2CaCu2O8," West Michigan Undergraduate Research Conference, Grand Rapids, Oct 31, 2009.
(5) S.K. Remillard, J. Thomas, M.M. Bischak, C.J. Goodson; "Effect of Carrier Doping on Nonlinear Distortion of Microwave Signals by Superconducting Thin Films", Applied Superconductivity Conference, Portland, OR, Oct 8-12, 2012. (Presented by advisor)

10 Cameron Recknagel 2009-2011 Spectral emissions from plasmas in the collisional/collisionless transition (1) T.J. Klein, Cameron J. Recknagel, Christopher J. Ploch, and S.K. Remillard, "Microwave Breakdown of N2 Gas in a Microgap",Applied Physics Letters, Vol.99, no.12, 121503, (2011).
(2) Christopher Ploch and Cameron Recknagel, "Collisional-to-Collisionless Transition of a Microwave Induced Plasma" West Michigan Undergraduate research Conference, Grand Rapids, Oct 31, 2009.
(3)Christopher Ploch and Cameron Recknagel,"Collisional-to-Collisionless Transition of a Microwave Induced Plasma," Regional Summer Undergraduate Research Symposium, University of Notre Dame, July 31, 2009.
9

Evan K. Pease
(Goldwater runner-up)

2009 Time reversal symmetry breaking in the nonlinear distortion in superconducting circuits

(1) Annelle M. Eben, V. Andrew Bunnell, Candace J. Goodson, Evan K. Pease, Sheng-Chiang Lee, and S.K. Remillard, "Even and Odd Order Nonlinearity from a Superconductive Microstrip Line," IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 595-598, (2011).
(2)Evan K. Pease, Bradley J. Dober, and S.K. Remillard, "Synchronous measurement of even and odd order intermodulation distortion at the resonant frequency of a superconducting resonator", Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 81 (2010).
(3)Evan Pease (presenting author) and Stephen Remillard, "Time-Reversal Symmetry Breaking in the Nonlinear Distortion from Superconducting Circuits," American Physical Society March Meeting, Portland, OR, March 15-19, 2010.

8

Christopher Ploch
(National Defense Science & Engineering Graduate Fellow)

2009 Breakdown kinetics at the transition between collisional and collisionless plasma

(1) T.J. Klein, Cameron J. Recknagel, Christopher J. Ploch, and S.K. Remillard, "Microwave Breakdown of N2 Gas in a Microgap",Applied Physics Letters, Vol.99, no.12, 121503, (2011).
(2) Christopher Ploch and Cameron Recknagel, "Collisional-to-Collisionless Transition of a Microwave Induced Plasma" West Michigan Undergraduate research Conference, Grand Rapids, Oct 31, 2009.
(3) Christopher Ploch and Cameron Recknagel,"Collisional-to-Collisionless Transition of a Microwave Induced Plasma," Regional Summer Undergraduate Research Symposium, University of Notre Dame, July 31, 2009.

7 Kyle McLellan 2009 Anomalous dispersion and impurity states in the forbidden band of periodic transmission lines

(1) S.K. Remillard, Caitlin Ploch, Kyle McLellan, and V. Andrew Bunnell, "Comparison of network analysis methods for computing complex propagation coefficients of dispersive transmission lines," Accepted for publication in Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 2014.
(2)K.R. McLellan, C.I. Angert, and S.K. Remillard, "Experimental Observation and Control of Wave Dispersion", AAPT Advanced Labs Topical Conference, Ann Arbor, MI, July 23-25, 2009. (Presented by advisor)

6

Jay Gibbs

2008-
2009

Ionization products from microwave induced discharges

(1) S.K. Remillard, A. Hardaway, B. Mork, J. Gilliland, and J. Gibbs, "Using a re-entrant microwave resonator to measure and model the dielectric breakdown electric field of gases," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. B15, pp. 175-195 (2009).
(2) “Dielectric Breakdown in Air Components at Microwave Frequencies under Stratospheric Conditions”, West Michigan Undergraduate Research Conference, Grand Rapids, Nov. 1, 2008

5

Jake Gilliland

2008-
2009

Physical conditions for microwave breakdown of gases

(1) S.K. Remillard, A. Hardaway, B. Mork, J. Gilliland, and J. Gibbs, "Using a re-entrant microwave resonator to measure and model the dielectric breakdown electric field of gases," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. B15, pp. 175-195 (2009).
(2) “Dielectric Breakdown in Air Components at Microwave Frequencies under Stratospheric Conditions”, West Michigan Undergraduate Research Conference, Grand Rapids, Nov. 1, 2008
(3) “Dielectric Breakdown in Air Components at Microwave Frequencies under Stratospheric Conditions”, Michigan Space Grant Consortium Annual Conference, Ann Arbor, MI, Oct 18, 2008 (presented by advisor.)

4

Alejandro Hardaway

2007-
2009

Instrumentation for microwave induced breakdown in gases

(1) S.K. Remillard, A. Hardaway, B. Mork, J. Gilliland, and J. Gibbs, "Using a re-entrant microwave resonator to measure and model the dielectric breakdown electric field of gases," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. B15, pp. 175-195 (2009).
(2) “Dielectric Breakdown in Air Components at Microwave Frequencies under Stratospheric Conditions”, West Michigan Undergraduate research Conference, Grand Rapids, Nov. 1, 2008
(3) “Dielectric Breakdown in Air Components at Microwave Frequencies under Stratospheric Conditions”, Michigan Space Grant Consortium Annual Conference, Ann Arbor, MI, Oct 18, 2008

3

Brad Dober

2008

Nonlinear electrodynamics in high temperature superconducting thin films and devices

(1)Evan K. Pease, Bradley J. Dober, and S.K. Remillard, "Synchronous measurement of even and odd order intermodulation distortion at the resonant frequency of a superconducting resonator", Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 81 (2010).
(2)Bradley Dober (presenting author) and S.K. Remillard, “Harmonic and Intermodulation Distortion in a Superconducting Microwave Resonator”,  American Physical Society March Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, March 13-20, 2009

2

Isaac Angert

2008

Design, fabrication and microwave characterization of periodic transmission lines

(1) C. Isaac Angert and S.K. Remillard, "Dispersion in One-Dimensional Photonic Band Gap Periodic Transmission Lines," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 51, no. 4, 1010-1013 (2009)
(2) K.R. McLellan, C.I. Angert, and S.K. Remillard, "Experimental Observation and Control of Wave Dispersion", AAPT Advanced Labs Topical Conference, Ann Arbor, MI, July 23-25, 2009. (Presented by advisor)

1

2007

Measurement of resonant modes in a sapphire dielectric resonator

 

*Prospective students should know that by working in the Microwave Lab, they agree to be acknowledged on this web site by name and by picture.

Research Opportunities

Physics students are involved in the Microwave Group both part-time during the school year and full time for ten or eleven weeks during the summer. Students who do research during the school year are in a much better position to receive a summer research assistantship. This is true for any group. Physics research requires physics knowledge. Therefore, a record of enthusiastically taking physics courses is absolutely required. Research is a multi-year commitment. Sometimes you get credit for it (PHYS 490), occasionally you might even get paid, but usually you do it just because you want to do it. You will be asked to make a long-term commitment until graduation as a condition for any paid research opportunity. See the list of courses above to understand what will ultimately be expected of you academically.

 

 

Collaborators Welcome

Collaborators are sought for microwave superconductivity research. We have facilities and HTS materials to carry out such research including network and spectrum analyzers to 22 GHz, broadband power amplifiers, furnaces, cryogenic cooling, wire bonding, die attachment, and a large supply of HTS wafers and patterned resonator and filter samples.

We also have large inventory of 2" diameter TBCCO-2212 wafers and patterned HTS microwave resonators available for use in collaborative research. Proposals are welcome!