What happens when I'm a close contact?
Close contact = 6 feet or less for 15 minutes or more.
You can be exposed to COVID-19 through close contact with someone who has the virus. An infected person can spread COVID-19 starting 72 hours (or 3 days) before the person had any symptoms or tested positive for COVID-19.
WHAT COUNTS AS “CLOSE CONTACT”?
- You were within 6 feet of someone who has COVID-19 for a cumulative total of 15 minutes or more
- You live in the same residence as someone who has tested positive for COVID-19. (This applies to those living in a residence hall room, apartment, cottage or house).
- You provided care at home to someone who is sick with COVID-19
- You had direct physical contact with the person (hugged or kissed them)
- You shared eating or drinking utensils
- They sneezed, coughed or somehow got respiratory droplets on you
WHAT HAPPENS IF I AM A CLOSE CONTACT?
When a student tests positive for COVID-19, the Hope College Health Center and the Ottawa County Department of Public Health will be notified. Upon notification, the college will begin working with the student to identify potential close contacts. This process paves the way for the local health department, which will begin a contact tracing investigation.
Note that students may also be close contacts for people who are not members of the Hope community (e.g., family, significant other, friends from other colleges or back home, etc.). If this is the case, please complete the Notification of Exposure Form, and someone from the college will call you.
If you are a student who has been identified as a close contact, you will:
- Receive support from Hope staff
- Trained advocates from Hope College will begin working with you right away to help you understand what to do, what to expect and what support is available. These advocates are committed and prepared to help you through the process.
- Move into quarantine
- Trained advocates from Hope College will help you move into quarantine housing. While in quarantine, you’ll need to stay in your housing, separate yourself from others, monitor your health, and follow directions from the Hope College Health Center and the local health department. The quarantine period will last for 14 days.
- Contact your professors and your work supervisor(s)
- Your Hope advocates will help facilitate communication with your faculty and supervisor(s) so they are aware that you will be absent from class for 14 days. You should email your professors and supervisor(s) to ask how you can engage with the class or job remotely. You do not need to disclose the reason for your absence, only the expected duration of time. If you have an off-campus job that requires documentation for absence, please work with the Ottawa County Department of Public Health.
- Respond to communications from the local health department
- A positive case prompts a contact-tracing investigation by the local health department. If the Ottawa County Department of Public Health calls or texts you, respond immediately. They will not reveal who shared your name. Please provide all information to the health department as this is critical to helping stop the spread of the virus to the community.
- Monitor your symptoms
Continue checking yourself everyday for COVID-19 symptoms, which include:
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
Symptoms may appear 2–14 days after exposure to the virus, and may range from mild symptoms to severe illness.
Please visit Hope’s online patient portal to report your symptoms (you will find the symptom form under the FORMS tab). A nurse will call you during regular office hours to discuss your symptoms and arrange your testing appointment. You may call 616.395.7585 if you have general testing questions.
- Complete the quarantine period when you get clearance.
Return to your regular housing, classes and on-campus activities only when you meet the criteria for ending quarantine. Visit our Returning to Campus After Isolation and Quarantine page for more information.
DO I HAVE TO QUARANTINE IF I AM A CLOSE CONTACT?
Yes. Quarantine is used to keep someone who might have been exposed to COVID-19 away from others. Quarantine helps prevent spread of disease that can occur before a person knows they are sick or if they are infected with the virus without feeling symptoms.
CAN I GET A TEST TO AVOID QUARANTINE?
Per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Ottawa County Department of Public Health, quarantine needs to last for 14 days. Based on their recommendations, the college will test those in quarantine on day 10 of their quarantine period. If you test negative for COVID-19 at that point, you will be released.
CAN I GO HOME TO QUARANTINE?
Yes, you may go home to quarantine, unless we are instructed otherwise by the local health department. If going home, you must follow these rules:
- You may not use public transportation to go home.
- If you become ill, someone (e.g., a family member) must be responsible to pick you up in their personal vehicle. You must remain in quarantine until you are picked up.
- Once you are at home, you must follow public health guidelines strictly.
- You may return to campus once you have met appropriate college and public health guidelines to be cleared.
SHOULD I TELL PEOPLE I AM A CLOSE CONTACT?
It is your prerogative to tell others about being a close contact. While it is expected that you tell your professors and supervisors about your absence, you are not required to disclose the reasons for your absence. If you choose to tell people that you are a close contact, they may begin to worry about whether they are a close contact, too. Please note: When somebody is identified as a close contact, they will be formally notified by the local health department and possibly the college. Your close friends and family are not considered close contacts just because they have had contact with you. A “contact-to-a-contact” does not need to be tested nor do they need to quarantine unless they are experiencing symptoms, in which case they should notify their healthcare provider right away. If an individual is concerned about having had close contact with someone who may have COVID-19, they should contact their healthcare provider.
I have received the vaccine. Do I still need to quarantine?
Per guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and confirmation from both the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services as well as the Ottawa County Department of Public Health, vaccinated persons with an exposure to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 are not required to quarantine if they meet all of the following criteria:
- Are fully vaccinated (i.e., ≥2 weeks following receipt of the second dose in a 2-dose series, or ≥2 weeks following receipt of one dose of a single-dose vaccine)
- Are within 3 months following receipt of the last dose in the series
- Have remained asymptomatic since the current COVID-19 exposure
Persons who do not meet all 3 of the above criteria will follow current quarantine guidance after exposure to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID-19.
Remember, all vaccinated persons must continue to follow all current guidance to protect themselves and others, including wearing a mask, staying at least 6 feet away from others, and participating in surveillance testing.
For more information, please visit the CDC's website, When to Quarantine.